There is no doubt that Greece is one of the cradles of European viticulture. According to legend, the Greek god of wine, Dionysus, sprang from an affair of Zeus with the beautiful Seleme, which at least in mythology is also the birth of Greek viticulture. The wines of ancient Greece were praised by great poets and scholars such as Plato, Socrates and Homer. The Greeks were also the first to cultivate wine not only as a delicacy and food, but also as a commodity. From here, the vines were brought to other countries and spread the already well-developed viticulture culture.
Due to the excellent landscape and meteorological conditions and the interplay of modern cultivation methods with traditional knowledge, Greece is a country of origin of the best wines in the world. The palette ranges from red to rosé to white wine and of course the popular Retsina. The range of grape varieties is almost incredible. As the Roman poet Virgil once wrote: “It would be easier to count grains of sand in Greece than the different grape varieties.”
Greece is divided into nine wine-growing regions: Aegean, Epirus, Ionian Islands, Crete, Macedonia, Peloponnese, Thessaly, Thrace and Central Greece.